English is fast developing a dynamism all its own in the non-English-speaking world, says former Indian Administrative Service officer, writer and noted theatre personality Bhaskar Ghose, whose first novel is a tale of two bureaucrats.‘With new playwrights and writers enquiring into the evolution of the language through their writings, the language now has an identity of its own,’ Ghose said at the launch of his third book, The Teller of Tales, his first work of fiction. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’‘We in our own time had a British influence. But the language is not that any more. It is acquiring a regional colour – growing in its own way in South India; in the eastern part of the country; and in northern India… And each of these versions of the English language is different,’ Ghose said.Ghose’s novel draws from his experience as a senior bureaucrat for 36 years, his 50-odd years on the stage as one of the driving forces behind ‘Yatrik’ – one of the oldest theatre groups in the capital, his days in St Stephen’s College, when he experienced India in all its diversity. ‘When you read it, you will notice the similarities. Basically, it centres around two friends who grew up in the services (IAS) together,’ Ghose said. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe writer, who was educated in Mumbai and Delhi, joined the IAS in 1960. He served as director general of Doordrashan and had been secretary of the ministry of culture, and human resource development and the ministry of information and broadcasting.The book explores the lives of two friends, Arunava Varman, a semi-autobiographical character modelled on the writer, and fellow bureaucrat Tapan. Arunava’s tales, crafted with intelligence and ingenuity, offer excitement to Tapan, whose life is otherwise quite dull and grey. But the stories begin to fray as Arunava’s character reveals itself. There are disturbing gaps in Arunava’s anecdotes. ‘After his second drink, Arunava Varman became more expansive and mellow… His usual style was to top every st0ory or anecdote with something even more dramatic or even more epic,’ Ghose says of his character. Early in life, Ghose had once used the name Arunava Varman (replacing his own) to write an article in The Illustrated Weekly.‘It was not exactly a pen-name. Arunava is another of my names (it means the same as Bhaskar, the sun) and Varman is my community name,’ the writer said.The book took off under a strange set of circumstances, Ghose recalled. ‘Penguin had asked me to write a set of anecdotes. The editor then suggested that I get them together into a novel. That was three years ago,’ Ghose said. It started ‘developing a life of its own,’ Ghose said, of the book. The stage too is integral to the book.‘I spent 40 years of my life staging plays and worked for Yatrik as an actor and director. I started acting in St Stephen’s. My first role was an eight-line part in Macbeth,’ Ghose said. Ghose’s theatre troupe, Yatrik, appears in his book in the incarnation of ‘Delhi Players’. The theatre ensemble is the backdrop for a romantic tangle between Arunava, Tapan and the ‘attractive Jaishree Kapur’, a talented actor with a flawless complexion. The story moves across an arc of interesting terrain – from Mandu and Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh to Jalpaiguri in north Bengal and the Himalayas, places that the writer visited as an IAS officer.‘The book is about the people who were on the stage with him for the last four decades and those who helped him serve the country as a bureaucrat,’ the writer said.‘The Teller of Tales,’ published by Penguin-India, was released Friday.
Leading up to the Independence Day celebrations in the Capital, an art gallery has come up with a treasure trove of artifacts that would definitely attract art lovers and history lovers from across the city. As the title Recalling Pre-Independence suggests, the works of the artist on display are from the 1940’s to 1960’s. The concept behind this show is to showcase the timeline of the Pre & Post Independence. The show is on till the end of this month and the works are up for sale at very competent prices. The exhibition opens on 8th August Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’A few important works from this collection will also be part of the upcoming Auction by Art Bull.The Statesman dated 15 August, 1947, confidential Letters from Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru to the first chief minister of West Bengal Dr. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh after the partition of India, photographs by Bidyut Ganguly, Bourne & Shephard, Julian Rust, Sunil Jana, 1940’s works by M. F Husain and paintings, drawings and prints by Abanindranath Tagore, Balendra, Chittaprosad Bhattacharya, Devi Prasad Roy Choudhary, Gaganendranath Tagore, Gauri, Gopal Ghose, Haren Das, Hemen Mazumdar, Jamini Roy, K. A. Sethna, Lalit Mohan Sen, M. V. Dhrandhar, Manindra Bhushan Dey, Manindra Bhushan Gupta, Mukul Dey, M F Husain, Nikhl Biswas, Niren Sen, Paritosh Sen, Prankrishna Pal, Ramendra Chakravarty, Rashmi Sengupta, Sanchar Chand Sharma, Satish Sinha, Satya Ranjan Mazumdar, Sauren Sen, Sushil Sen, Vasant Pandit and some more artists will be on display at the exhibition. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixTwo centuries of British rule in India ended at the midnight on 15 August, 1947. The stalwarts of Indian art during Pre-Independence era were all carrying forward their nationalist ideals at the time of freedom struggle. Unlike the more obvious impact of westernization which was seen in Ravi Varma’s paintings, the pre-independence era artists exhibited the growth of national consciousness. Art for them meant evolving a truly indigenous culture, stripped of its western moorings. The indigenous artistic revival movement started with Havell meeting the young Bengali painter, Abanindranath who together formed an ideology which later was known as the new Bengal School. In the twentieth century, Gaganendranath brought creative changes through his cartoons and grotesque characters. Chittaprosad also as an illustrator brought social consciousness and campaigning for the freedom struggle into the subject of art by capturing the poverty, famines and massacres by the Britishers through his drawings and graphics. Jamini Roy on the other hand drew his inspirations from Indian mythology and traditional folk art. Other prominent revivalist artists were Nandalal Bose, D.P. Roy Choudhury, Ramkinker Baij, A.K. Haldar, Kshitindranath Mazumdar, Sarada Ukil and A.R. Chugtai.During 1943, Bengal was ravaged by unprecedented famine killing millions. This manmade disaster pushed many artists to find a new language to express their understanding of what was happening around them. Few artists rejected the idealism practiced earlier and formed Calcutta Group. There artists were Pradosh Dasgupta andKamala Dasgupta, Gopal Ghose, Nirode Majumdar, Paritosh Sen, and Subho Tagore and later joined in by Pran Krishna Pal, Goverdhan Ash and many more.Where: Art Bull, F-213C First Floor, S.I.S. House, Lado SaraiWHEN: 8 – 29 August, 11 am to 7 pm
Now, do you know how to make money from the global shale race? Countries like China, Argentina, and Russia are starting to exploit their unconventional energy sources. The global race for shale development and exploitation is on, and fortunes will made. Make sure you are well informed before you place your bets on this global race, as fortune will favor the bold – but the informed will fare much better. Casey Research was the first in the business to publish a report on the potential of the European shales, years before the EIA came out with this report. Our subscribers made over 600% gains on Cuadrilla Resources, which just recently completed a deal with Centrica that valued the company in the hundreds of millions. Been there, done that. What’s next? We are so sure that you will be absolutely satisfied with our Casey Energy Report that we have no hesitations in giving you a 100%-money-back guarantee. Sign up today for a free trial. Guess who the US Energy Information Agency (EIA) says has 430% more proven gas reserves than the US? Guess who has twice as much as the US in shale gas technically recoverable? Guess who has over twice as much proven oil reserves as the US? The EIA recently published a 730-page report which assesses the shale formations of 41 countries. The global race for shale development has started. Countries that are not now known for their oil and gas production are showing much shale oil and gas promise. Would you be surprised to know that China has more proven oil reserves than the US? If you want to know the answers to the three questions we have at the beginning of this missive, then I believe you will be interested in the Casey Energy Report’s plans on profiting from the global shale race. If you thought the US was the king of shale, we are sorry to burst your bubble… it no longer wears the crown. A picture is worth a thousand words:
Explore further Where’s the cheese?The government could lower taxes on the income of companies applying AI, but how would they identify such companies, even after the fact? AI is a general purpose technology. It may be used anywhere. Creating an incentive would be like promoting Canadian cheddar, but subsidising thousands of other cheese types.The second way to improve maze performance is to make the mouse stronger. If a mouse is starving, it may not be equipped to make it through the maze. So, you might fatten the mouse a bit and make it stronger. For AI, this is the world of tax breaks for expenditures on AI, government subsidies for basic AI research and subsidising the training of AI talent to ensure that Canadian companies can get the talent they need.Canada is showing itself to have some advantages. Just this month, the Canada 150 Research Chair program led the University of Toronto to hire Alan Aspuru-Guznik, an expert in machine learning, quantum computing and chemistry, from his tenured position at Harvard. He saw Canada as a country consistent with his values. More critically, he joins a growing scientific ecosystem fuelled by initiatives such as the Vector Institute for Artificial Intelligence.Removing barriersThe final way to improve the maze is to remove barriers. While some barriers are the nature of innovation, others are placed there by government policy. The very first proposal of the French AI report deals with this —ensuring data is available to train AI.Most computer-related projects are hungry for data and knowledge. After all, the web is just a big data transfer engine. But as I outline in my new book, Prediction Machines: The Simple Economics of Artificial Intelligence, when it comes to AI, data is critical. The better, more comprehensive and richer the data, the better the performance of the AI at its main job—prediction.Just as our ability to predict the weather depends on weather data acquired all over the globe, and our experience in identifying objects comes from a lifetime of experience stored in our memories, AIs need data to build their capabilities.The problem is that data may be locked down in various silos created for reasons other than AI. This is currently a topical issue with regard to Facebook’s user data. A few years ago, Facebook was freer with its data, which led to a variety of uses—some creative and productive and others unsavoury.In response to the current crisis, Facebook has now locked this down. You may feel comforted by the privacy that affords, but at the same time, it is just another barrier to data being available for researchers and creators outside of Facebook.In actuality, if we want to promote AI, we need to encourage rather than discourage companies from sharing data. And in some cases, that data—for instance, health data—rests with governments.Making data availableThe sooner governments find a way to make that data available for research and creative applications in a manner that suitably protects the privacy of Canadians, the easier the maze navigation will be for Canadian businesses to leverage this powerful prediction technology to enhance their products and services, making them more globally competitive. The French approach is to choose key sectors where they will make things easier for businesses —something they call “sandboxes.” They are exploring the removal of certain regulations to encourage development in health (predictive diagnostics, personalized medicine), transport (autonomous vehicles), defence (predicting cyber-attacks) and the environment (predicting problems in the food supply chain).There is, of course, more to the French report than just encouraging AI development. Regardless of whether they or others develop AI, the report reflects thinking about how to protect French workers from disruptions and ensure that AI does not lead to biases that humans engender—particularly on the dimensions of gender and race.The Canadian government would benefit from carefully reviewing the French proposal, including the speculative sections that only apply when the mouse finally reaches the cheese.For the moment, I urge the Canadian government to think about whether that mouse is Canadian or not. New developments in artificial intelligence are proceeding apace. As an economist who has researched the AI revolution, I see 2018 as similar to 1995 when the commercial internet was born. The technology is advancing rapidly, but most businesses are only just starting to figure out how to put it to work. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Finding the optimal route to benefiting from AI is like navigating a maze for most governments. Credit: Shutterstock This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. Citation: Navigating the AI maze is a challenge for governments (2018, May 1) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-ai-maze-forgovernments.html France prepares 1.5 billion euro push to foster AI research While much of the media attention is focused on corporate applications of AI, governments are also increasing their focus on this prediction enabling technology.In late 2016, just as President Barack Obama was leaving office, his administration published four reports on how best to prepare the American economy for the development and arrival of AI.Last month, France released a comprehensive report on AI chaired by Fields Medalist Cédric Villani. President Emmanuel Macron stressed the immediacy of government policy choices to ensure that France is well positioned to benefit from AI innovation.Navigating a mazeTo consider the main policy options available to Canada, let’s consider an analogy. Finding the optimal route to benefiting from AI is like navigating a maze. Most countries are just waking up to the size of the prize for navigating the maze quickly and in a manner consistent with their values.Mazes have sharp and surprising turns. Just because a mouse is close to the cheese, doesn’t mean it will get there first. This is shorthand for saying that it is hard to know what the correct path is —it’s not necessarily the shortest.What can we do to increase the chance that the mouse (country) will successfully navigate the maze? One option is to increase the size of the cheese. That increases the incentive to move quickly and work hard at navigation.For AI, this means ensuring that innovators can profit from AI development. To achieve this, we have policy levers such as competitive grants for compelling research proposals, prizes for research results and the removal of trade barriers so that products can be sold worldwide.Interestingly, the French report does not spend much time on such possibilities. And we should consider why that is. Put simply, profit-oriented companies already know there is cheese at the end of the maze but they do not know what type of cheese it is. Provided by The Conversation